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H H S Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Health Information Technology and Quality

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Careers in Health Information

Below is a list of potential career opportunities for individuals with education, training and experience in health information technology.

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians***
Individuals entering medical records and health information technician training usually have an associate degree. With the use of Electronic Health Records (EHR), technicians must be familiar with EHR computer software, maintaining EHR security, and analyzing electronic data to improve healthcare information. Health information technicians use EHR software to maintain data on patient safety, patterns of disease, and disease treatment and outcome. Technicians also may assist with improving EHR software usability and may contribute to the development and maintenance of health information networks.

Certified Medical Coders 
Certified Medical Coders specialize in coding and are called medical coders or coding specialists. Medical coders assign a code to each diagnosis, determine reimbursement, and procedure by using classification systems software.

Cancer (Tumor) Registrars 
Cancer (Tumor) Registrars specialize in cancer registries, as well as maintain facility, regional, and national databases of cancer patients. Cancer (or tumor) registrars review patient records and pathology reports, and assign codes for the diagnosis and treatment of different cancers and selected benign tumors. Registrars also conduct annual follow-ups to track patient treatment, survival, and recovery.

Chief Information Officers*** 
Chief Information Officers are responsible for the overall technological direction of their organizations. Today, these officers are playing a more important role in organizations and are increasingly becoming part of the executive team. To perform effectively, they need knowledge of the workings of the total organization. These managers propose budgets for projects and programs and make decisions about staff training and purchases of equipment. They hire and assign computer specialists, information technology workers, and support personnel to carry out information technology related projects. They manage the work of these employees, review their output, and establish administrative procedures and policies. Chief information officers also provide organizations with the vision to master information technology as a competitive tool.

Programmers provides technical support to help providers develop system interfaces and is the primary lead to coordinate with associated vendors for data interface. Programmers also guide the development of standardized data specifications that may be integrated into a data reporting repository.

Informaticists are responsible for data extraction, analysis and report generation. They also coordinate their work with clinical analysts and medical directors.

Nurse Informaticist+ 
Nurse Informaticists are usually Registered Nurses who serve as  liaisons to nursing, medical staff, house staff, and other patient care areas to coordinate aspects of planning, design, development, implementation, maintenance, and evaluation of clinical systems including the electronic health record.

Chief Medical Informaticist Officers+ 
Chief Medical Informaticist Officers are usually physicians tasked with engaging other physicians and other clinical staff to help develop and use health information technology and works in concert with IT staff. They also review medical informatics trends to spur adoption of HIT, ensure usable tools by leading the design and modification of clinical pathways and decision support domain teams, and participate in the development of solutions that evaluate clinical outcomes.

*** Source: Bureau of Labor and Statistics
+ Source:  American Medical Informatics Association